Alluring Assam, the Home of the Son of Lord Brahma or Brahmaputra is a land full of myths, mysteries, lore and legends. The sentinel of North east India is joined to the mainland by a narrow strip of land and remained isolated from the mainstream of Indian history for centuries. The advent of the Ahoms across the Eastern hills in 1228 AD was the turning point in Assam's history. Ahoms ruled Assam from their capital of Charaideo near present-day Sibsagar and successfully repulsed Invasions by the Mughals and the Bengal Sultans with the waning of Ahom power, the Burmese overran the entire territory, but ceded Assam to the British in 1826. In 1874, a separate province of Assam was created with Shillong as its capital.
The State is endowed with stunning scenic beauty and is dominated by the mighty Brahmaputra River, which is the lifeline of the Valley Assam can be classified into three main geographical areas - the Brahmaputra Valley, the Barak Valley and the North Cachar Hills Most of the Valley area is under cultivation and rice is the principal food crop of Assam. The cash crops grown here are jute, tea cotton, oilseeds, sugarcane etc. The State is dotted with oil fields and it produces about one-sixth of India's petroleum and natural gas. Digboi in Upper Assam was the first oil refinery in Asia. Green is the predominant colour of Assam with over 35% lush forest cover making it one of the most forested States of India and is also the largest producer of timber in the country. The forests are home to a rich variety of flora and fauna, the most popular inhabitant of its jungles is the one - horned rhinoceros. Assam is also synonymous with tea gardens as thousands of hectares are under tea cultivation.
Assam is also known for handicraft items made of cane, bamboo and brass etc The weavers are quite renowned and many homes in Sualkuchi have a handloom producing exquisite silk and cotton clothes The Endi, Muga and Pat are the famous silk products of the State. Visit to this amazing green paradise is indeed a fascinating experience, with its ruins and monuments, natural beauty and exotic wildife, warm colourful people and their vibrant festivals and a wide range of adventure sports