Sivasagar: Archaeological Heritage of Assam - TheUnexplored Blog

November 5th, 2022

Sivasagar: Archaeological Heritage of Assam

The ruins of Sivasagar, the former capital of the great Ahom monarchs, provide a glimpse into its glorious history. The town is named after the Sivasagar Tank/lake, a vast man-made water feature that also serves as the area’s main attraction. Ranghar, a two-story amphitheater, was utilized as a gallery by the Kings to view bullfights and other sports. Shivadol is significant because it is Asia’s highest temple, with a golden tip Trishul on top. Bishnudol and Shani Mandir are two other temples on the same campus that can be visited.

Rang Ghar:

┬áRang Ghar is located near the Rangpur Palace, also known as Talatal Ghar. During the reign of the Ahom monarchs, this two-story edifice served as a sports pavilion where kings and nobles could enjoy a buffalo or cock battle in addition to the yearly Bihu festivities. The construction of this structure is what makes it so intriguing. Rang Ghar’s roof is designed like an inverted boat, typical of Ahom architecture.

Rang ghar , wikimedia commons

Talatal Ghar:

Talatal Ghar, also known as the Rangpur Palace, is one of the largest and most beautiful Ahom constructions. Visitors are not permitted to enter the underground floors. The Talatal Ghar, according to mythology, features two secret tunnels and three basement floors that functioned as secret departure routes during conflicts.

Talatal ghar , wikimedia commons


 One of Sivasagar’s three most prominent temples, Sivadol stands towering on the bank of the Sivasagar tank. The temple stands 104 feet tall and is crowned by an 8-foot golden dome. During Shivratri, it is the most important spot for Shiva devotees to converge.

sivadol, wikimedia commons

Joysagar Tank:

 Because of its size and religious significance, the Joysagar tank is one of the most famous tourist attractions in Sivasagar. The tank complex also contains numerous famous temples such as Joydol, Devi Ghar, Sri Surya Mandir, Ganesh Mandir, and Nati-Gosai Dol, which are significant in religion, history, and archaeology.

joysagar tank, wikimedia commons

Kareng Ghar:

Kareng Ghar, also known as the Garhgaon Palace. Rajeshwar Singha restored the current Kareng Ghar, which is made of wood and stones. The palace used to have several chambers, but only a few survive today. The palace was once encircled by vast water-filled moats and fortified borders, remnants of which may still be seen.

kareng ghar, wikimedia commons

Sivasagar has various archaeological evidence of the famous Ahom rulers who ruled over the Assam region around 600 years ago. Most of the monuments are still intact in their current state, despite a lot of earthquakes and natural tragedies, but the constructions are spectacular to view and show the Royal signature of the Ahoms. The entire city is well connected by highways and can be accessed in an hour or two from the nearby airports in Jorhat and Dibrugarh. The town boasts a diverse cultural population that coexists peacefully.

Bihu, Durga Puja, Makar Sakranti, Baishakhi, Dol Yatra, and other festivals are observed. The entire city is well connected by highways and can be accessed in an hour or two from the nearby airports in Jorhat and Dibrugarh.

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